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Cerebral palsy also known as cerebral paralysis is a disorder that greatly affects body movements. It also pertains to a group of disorder where in the exact cause cannot be traced. Some of its recorded major causes include brain hypoxia, asphyxia, premature birth or birth trauma, particular infections acquired by the mother before and during birth, genetic susceptibility, and infections on central nervous systems, consecutive hematomas or trauma.
Cerebral palsy after birth is caused by physical injury on the brain, toxins, and incidents involving brain hypoxia and meningitis or encephalitis. Ten percent of the cerebral palsy cases are caused by intrapartum asphyxia. Research shows that infections acquired by mothers even those causes difficult to determine can triple the child’s risks in the disorder development because of the acquired toxicity on the brain’s fetus of cytokines formed out of inflammatory response.
Babies born prematurely have higher risks of developing cerebral palsy because they are still the progrssive stage of organs development. There is an increase hazards of asphyxia or other forms of brain injury that also increases the probability of acquiring cerebral palsy.
Another important factor of cerebral palsy is periventricular leukomalacia. It is also associated with disorders of the chromosomes or anomalies on brain structure including lissencephaly.
Occurrences of cerebral palsy are best calculated with children around six years of age. It is recorded that two out of 1000 babies being born alive are diagnosed with cerebral palsy in industrialized countries. It is alarming that in United States, cerebral palsy cases varies from 1.5 to 4 babies out of 1000 babies born alive are affected by the disorder. Approximation has reached five thousand to ten thousand babies in the United States are born with cerebral palsy. Every year, preschoolers detected with cerebral palsy has reached one thousand five hundred in quantity.
Sixty percent cases of mental retardation are caused by brain damage incurred outside of the occipital, temporal, parietal or Basal Ganglia. This disorder can only arise when the child is deprived of the chance to learn. The disorder does not entirely depends on the brain injury but on the individuals ability to have child’s communication and able to teach the child how to communicate well on speech and other communication forms.
Deafness or blindness acquired by the child having cerebral palsy due to occipital or temporal lobes damage during birth can be taught sign language for them to communicate. Another way is teaching them tulonoma,a method where the child puts the hands on speaker’s mouth and able to decipher what they are trying to say basing from the movements of the lips associated with certain words.